National Center for Combustion Research and Development

Indian Institute Of Technology Madras & Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore
Measurement of Soot Mass Concentration in Diesel Exhaust via Light Extinction and Scattering

Speaker : Prof Kamimoto ., Professor Emeritus Tokyo Institute of Technology

Date : 09-10-2013 3:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Venue: Aero / NCCRD Seminar Hall

Abstract :

Professor Kamimoto is a Professor Emeritus of Tokyo Institute of Technology and an Honorary Visiting professor of City University, London. He is currently President of Institute of Technologists. His research interests are focussed on internal combustion engines and optical diagnostics. He is an author of many technical papers on diesel spray combustion and emissions. Professor Kamimoto won major awards for his research, including the SAE Arch Colwell Merit Award. In 1999 Professor Kamimoto co-founded the International Journal of Engine Research, and he is now acting as its Editor for Asia. The real-time estimation of soot mass loading on diesel particulate filters (DPF) is essential to assure perfect and fuel efficient regeneration. Computer models based on the pressure drop across the DPF are usually installed in the engine control unit to estimate the soot mass loading during vehicle driving, but this approach is still subject to uncertainty about the lack of resources available. The aim of this study is to develop a portable instrument that can make real-time measurements of soot mass loading under transient mode for calibrating the models. The instrument is based on the light scattering technique: a laser beam illuminates diesel particles in a small exhaust sample and the intensity of scattered light from soot particles is reduced to soot mass concentration using calibration data obtained under steady engine operating conditions. It is demonstrated that the prototype instrument can measure the temporal variations of cumulative soot mass and filtration efficiency of a diesel particulate filter under a transient mode, and that it has a minimum detectable concentration of 5mg/m3 ,which is low enough to detect the particle breakthrough in the DPF. The proposed technique has potential to be applied for on-board diagnostics if the device is downsized

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